Elephant man drug trial

When a new drug is synthesised it has to go through multiple testing phases taking place over years, the first of which take place in a laboratory and eventually move on to human trials, called clinical trials. Theralizumab (TGN1412) was an immunomodulatory drug that was manufactured to treat B cell chronic lymphocytic leukaemia and auto-immuneContinue reading “Elephant man drug trial”

Pillars of Medical Ethics

Medical ethics are the moral principles that govern the practice of medicine. Medical ethics is based on a set of pillars, or core values that doctors and other medical professionals can refer to when in conflict about a decision. These four pillars are; Autonomy, Non-maleficence, Beneficence and Justice. Autonomy means the right of self-government; itContinue reading “Pillars of Medical Ethics”

The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2020 – CRISPR/Cas9 genetic scissors

The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2020 was awarded to Emmanuelle Charpentier and Jennifer Doudna for discovering the CRISPR/Cas9 genetic scissors. Only five other women have won this prize before; Frances H. Arnold, Ada E. Yonath, Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin, Irène Joliot-Curie and Marie Curie. While Charpentier was studying a bacterium called Streptococcus pyogenes, she found aContinue reading “The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2020 – CRISPR/Cas9 genetic scissors”

What are the different COVID-19 vaccines and how do they work?

Currently in the UK there are three vaccines available; Pfizer-BioNTech, Oxford-AstraZeneca and Moderna. The first two are being rolled out in the UK and the latter is expected to be available in the spring. These vaccines utilise alternative methods in order to provide immunity against the coronavirus.  Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna are both mRNA based vaccinesContinue reading “What are the different COVID-19 vaccines and how do they work?”